Radio Disturbance Characteristics for the Protection of Receivers Used on Board Vehicles, Boats and on Devices - Limits and Methods of Measurement

Subject Area Telecommunications
Year of Declaration 2007
Status Voluntary
ICS Number 33.100.20
Stage Withdrawn
Number of Pages 123
Price TT $1653.00

Scope of this Standard

This International Standard contains limits and procedures for the measurement of radio disturbances in the frequency range of 150 kHz to 1000 MHz. The standard applies to any electronic/electrical component intended for use in vehicles, trailers and devices. Refer to International Telecommunications Union (ITU) publications for details of frequency allocations. The limits are intended to provide protection for receivers installed in a vehicle from disturbances produced by components/modules in the same vehicle. The method and limits for a complete vehicle are in Clause 5 and the methods and limits for components/modules are in Clause 6. The receiver types to be protected are, sound and television, land mobile radio, radio telephone, amateur, citizens' radio. For the purpose of this standard, a vehicle is a machine, which is self-propelled. Vehicles include (but are not limited to) passenger cars, trucks, agricultural tractors and snowmobiles. Annex A provides guidance in determining whether this standard is applicable to particular equipment. The limits in this standard are recommended and subject to modification as agreed between the vehicle manufacturer and the component supplier. This standard is also intended to be applied by manufacturers and suppliers of components and equipment which are to be added and connected to the vehicle harness or to an on-board power connector after delivery of the vehicle. This International Standard does not include protection of electronic control systems from radio frequency (RF) emissions, or from transient or pulse-type voltage fluctuations. These subjects are included in ISO publications. The methods described in Clauses 5 and 6 apply to the suppression of an on-board radio disturbances for motor vehicles, devices and working machinery, to achieve acceptable radio-reception with on board radio recovers. The requirements contained herein specify the maximum permissible disturbance voltage at the receiver end of the vehicle antenna transmission line in the frequency range of 150 kHz to 1000 MHz. On-board radio disturbance suppression reduces the radio disturbance energy which is applied by electrical equipment within the vehicle to the on-board power of a vehicle. Disturbances can also be coupled from vehicle wiring to the receiving antenna on the vehicle. Both articles describe methods of safeguarding radio reception in the same vehicle in which the disturbances arises. Annex B provides a helpful methodology for resolution of disturbance problems. Since the mounting location, vehicle body construction and harness design can affect the coupling of radio disturbances to the on-board radio, Clause 6 of this standard defines multiple limits levels. The levels class to be used (as a function of frequency band) will be agreed upon between the vehicle manufacturer and the component suppliers. The World Administrative Radiocommunications Conference (WARC) lower frequency limit in region 1 was reduced to 148.5 kHz in 1979. For vehicular purposes, tests to 150 kHz are considered adequate. For the purposes of this standard, test frequency ranges have been generalized to cover radio services in various parts of the world. Protection of radio reception at adjacent frequencies can be expected in most cases.